Friday, October 4, 2013

TRIPLE THREAT COMICS: The "lost" Charlton title - part one

TRIPLE THREAT COMICS ,cover-dated Winter 1945, is an anomaly, and appears to be a "lost" and forgotten title in the annals of Chartlon history.

Charlton began their foray into the comics field with YELLOWJACKET COMICS #1 in September 1944, which was published monthly up to it's fifth issue in January 1945. During this time YellowJacket Comics was Charlton's sole title.
Then, for some reason, perhaps to assess the profitabilty and logistics of running a full time comics line or to accumulate material for additional titles, they suspended production of comics nearly a year, finally releasing ZOO FUNNIES #1 in November.
The following month saw the second issue of Zoo Funnies, and also marked the return of Yellowjacket Comics with issue #6.

Until only a few years ago Zoo Funnies,published by Charlton under a company shell name of "Childrens Comics Publishers", was thought to be Charlton's first comics title until an astute collector noticed the address of  Derby, Connecticut in the indicia of Yellowjacket Comics along with a known variation of Charlton's company name of "The Frank Comunale Publishing Company" thereby firmly establishing Yellowjacket Comics as the earliest known Charlton Comic by a full 14 months before Zoo Funnies.

Nestled on the newsstand racks alongside Yellowjacket Comics and Zoo Funnies in December 1945 was another book, a 52 page one-shot title called TRIPLE THREAT COMICS. At first glance it's just another of the hundreds of other comics of the day from a small publisher getting it's feet wet in the still-new-but-already-booming comics biz.
The company name is attributed to Special Action Comics ,itself a supposed iteration of Gerona Publishing, and in archival/historical indexes such as The GCD/ The Grand Comics Database , The Digital Comic Museum , and Comic Book Plus , it is, in fact, listed as a Gerona comic title.
However, scrutiny of the indicia reveals something else entirely, and where things get interesting.

The first thing we see here is Holyoke. Nothing odd here as Holyoke was both a comics publisher and a comics printing sub-contracror, often printing titles (for a percentage of sales and adding their name to the indicia--a very shrewd legal move on their part) for other publishers when said company was unable to secure their regular presses or were in a tight deadline or some other bind. Holyoke had previously bought out or leased many defunct or bankrupt companies titles, such as Fox Features.
One of the legal loopholes that Holoyoke exploited from printing other company's titles was the somewhat cloudy appropriation of the right to continue publishing titles that were not really theirs. In early 1944 Fox sued Holyoke to return the rights to the powerhouse million-plus selling title of BLUE BEETLE, which had been published by Holyoke since issue #13 in August 1942. Fox quickly won their property back and resumed Blue Beetle in June 1944 with #31. Blue Beetle would, of course, tie this all back in when the title was bought by Charlton when Fox folded a second time, and the title was revived in 1955.

Triple Threat Comics would seem to be an instance of Holyoke assuming the mantle of subcontractor publisher for "Special Action Comics", given that this is a first issue/one-shot.
What's especially important is: just who was Special Action Comics? Despite being listed in the three most accurate and trusted databases/indexes as being an offshoot of Gerona, the address listed in the indicia tells us otherwise: 49 HAWKINS STREET, DERBY, CONN.
The very same address that was at the time the offices of Charlton.

This presents a bit of a mystery, as Charlton was an all-in-one publishing house which printed their titles on their own presses, thereby eliminating the need for outside contracting. Why they went to Holyoke for for this title is anyone's guess, and could be something as simple as a labor shortage or perhaps the presses were down. Perhaps it was a title they had previously had lined up and farmed it out during their comics line hiatus and was only just then getting released. This may be a puzzle that will never be solved.
At any rate, there can be no doubt that TRIPLE THREAT COMICS can now be counted as a Charlton comic, as the proof is right there in black and white.

[ *note: during my research I have found yet another example of a "lost" Charlton title, and will be discussing that title,along with Triple Threat, in an upcoming in-depth article for THE CHARLTON ARROW magazine.]

The features of TRIPLE THREAT COMICS included:

[contents of this article are copyright 2013 Fester Faceplant/Mark Ferguson/Checkmate Comics]


  1. Wow! Fascinating stuff. This kind of spelunking into the dark shadows of the earliest days of comic book publishing always reinforces what a ramshackle operation most of it was -- the private sector at its most industrious and most anarchic.


    Rip Off

  2. Fester,

    Fascinating and great research. You mentioned the Charlton Arrow Magazine. Is this a new fanzine I've not heard of before?

    1. Nick,

      thanks, much more discussion of this title and the features within it to come.
      the Charlton Arrow is a new prozine/comic magazine to be released as the launch of a new publishing house , Checkmate Comics, owned and operated by myself, Roger McKenzie (Daredevil, Capt America,Creepy, Eerie etc.), and Troy Lowe (formerly of Gladstone Comics).
      The first 64 page issue should be going to print very soon, and will contain not only articles concerning Charlton comics, but revival comics tales as well featuring the return of such characters as Yang,Kid Montana
      Some of the talent we've lined up so far: Paul Kupperberg, John Byrne, Joe Staton, Rick Stasi, Sandy Carruthers, Mort Todd,Steve Skeates, Enrique Nieto,Matt Hansel, and a TON more!

      I'll be posting more on this as the first issue gets closer to release.


  3. Prof,

    I'm aboard! I look forward to its publication.

  4. The Holyoke address was used by the printer, who like many of the other comic book printers had his name listed as the "publishing address", Why? I'm not sure, but would guess because they shipped the comics for the actual publisher. This printer's address shows up in lots of non-comic books as well. The Holyoke article on Wikipedia has been corrected by Bob Hughes and is mostly accurate currently. The interior of this comic appears to be all work produced by Lloyd's Jacquet's Funnies, Inc. comic shop (he was packaging a fair amount for Charlton in those early years). Good catch on the address!!

    1. thanks for the additional information, and I'll be sure to revise my extended article accordingly!


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